Bug 55052

Summary: [JULI] Make ClassLoaderLogManager.getProperty() to try unprefixed property if prefixed one does not exist
Product: Tomcat 7 Reporter: Konstantin Kolinko <knst.kolinko>
Component: CatalinaAssignee: Tomcat Developers Mailing List <dev>
Severity: normal    
Priority: P2    
Version: 7.0.40   
Target Milestone: ---   
Hardware: PC   
OS: Windows XP   
Attachments: 2013-06-04_tc6_55052.patch

Description Konstantin Kolinko 2013-06-03 13:08:20 UTC
The following issue was reported by "Edson" via comments system at

I would like to have a section explaining how to use SimpleFormatter.format, because I can't make log behave as expected when using JULI. Seems that Tomcat always ignore my attemps - unless I set in catalina.sh the system property: -Djava.util.logging.SimpleFormatter.format="[%1$tY-%1$tm-%1$td %1$tH:%1$tM:%1$tS.%1$tL] %4$s: %5$s %6$s %n" Would this be clarified in documentation?

I am confirming this behaviour with with the current Tomcat 7.0.x (7.0.40) and JDK 7u21.

If add the following line to logging.properties logging output does not change, as reported in the comment:

java.util.logging.SimpleFormatter.format=[%1$tY-%1$tm-%1$td %1$tH:%1$tM:%1$tS.%1$tL] %4$s: %5$s %6$s %n

But, if I add the following line, the output changes for all handlers. (At least for the console one, catalina.DATE.log and localhost.DATE.log files. Other log files are empty by default).

1catalina.java.util.logging.SimpleFormatter.format=[%1$tY-%1$tm-%1$td %1$tH:%1$tM:%1$tS.%1$tL] %4$s: %5$s %6$s %n

Oracle's SimpleFormatter.format is a static field, an thus is initialized only once.  While it is good that prefixed "1catalina.*" property works, this specific formatter cannot be configured per-handler. (One is free to implement their own formatter that does not use a static field there, or file an enhancement request to Oracle or OpenJDK).

The code in question is ClassLoaderLogManager.getProperty(String) which does

        if (prefix != null) {
            name = prefix + name;

Thus is a prefix is active it tries only prefixed value of a property and never tries an unprefixed one.


With SimpleFormatter it would be more sense to configure it using an unprefixed property, regardless of which Handler is initialized first.

Change the values of "handlers", ".handlers" properties so that an unprefixed handler is listed first.

In the default configuration that will be ConsoleHandler:

handlers = java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler, 1catalina.org.apache.juli.FileHandler, 2localhost.org.apache.juli.FileHandler, 3manager.org.apache.juli.FileHandler, 4host-manager.org.apache.juli.FileHandler

.handlers = java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler, 1catalina.org.apache.juli.FileHandler

Alternatively, you can remove a prefix from one of other handlers.

If you do so, and if that handler uses a SimpleFormatter, then the unprefixed configuration property will work:
java.util.logging.SimpleFormatter.format=[%1$tY-%1$tm-%1$td %1$tH:%1$tM:%1$tS.%1$tL] %4$s: %5$s %6$s %n
Comment 1 Mark Thomas 2013-06-04 12:29:46 UTC
Fixed in trunk and 7.0.x and will be included in 7.0.41 onwards.
Comment 2 Konstantin Kolinko 2013-06-04 17:05:19 UTC
Created attachment 30387 [details]

> Fixed in trunk and 7.0.x and will be included in 7.0.41 onwards.
r1489405 and r1489411

Here is patch for Tomcat 6. It is backport of r1489405
Comment 3 Mark Thomas 2013-09-09 12:57:41 UTC
Patch has been applied to 6.0.x and will be included in 6.0.38 onwards.