Bug 30802 - Getting org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: cvc-complex-type.3.1 while parsing XML with elements having same name but different complex types
Summary: Getting org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: cvc-complex-type.3.1 while parsing XML...
Status: NEW
Alias: None
Product: Xerces-J
Classification: Unclassified
Component: SAX (show other bugs)
Version: 1.4.4
Hardware: Other other
: P3 normal
Target Milestone: ---
Assignee: Xerces-J Developers Mailing List
URL:
Keywords:
Depends on:
Blocks:
 
Reported: 2004-08-23 12:32 UTC by Jatinder Behal
Modified: 2004-11-16 19:05 UTC (History)
0 users



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Description Jatinder Behal 2004-08-23 12:32:38 UTC
I created an XSD which contains elements with same name but different complex 
types. For example, the high level XSD looks like -

<xs:element name = "Field" type = "ComplexType1">
<xs:element name = "Field" type = "ComplexType2" minOccurs=0>
<xs:element name = "Field" type = "ComplexType3">

- while the corresponding XML would be -

<Field type="Field1">
<Field type="Field2">
<Field type="Field3">

If I validate this XML against the XSD it works fine.
But if I remove the second element from the XML as shown below as it's 
minOccurs = 0

<Field type="Field1">
<Field type="Field3">

and try to validate it against the XSD it throws an exception as shown below

org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: cvc-complex-type.3.1: Value 'Field3' of attribute
 'name' of element 'Field' is not valid with respect to the corresponding attrib
ute use. Attribute 'name' has a fixed value of 'Field2'.

But this works fine with XML SPY without any problems.

Could you please let me know why it's happening and is it a bug in Xerces?
If it's a bug then is there a work around for this?

I am pasting the Actual XSD and XML below for your reference

XSD:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xs:schema xmlns:mm2="mm2" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
targetNamespace="mm2" attributeFormDefault="unqualified" 
elementFormDefault="qualified">
	<xs:element name="Test_element" type="mm2:Test_Type">
	</xs:element>
	
	<xs:simpleType name="SHORT_TEXT255_Type">
		<xs:restriction base="xs:string">
			<xs:maxLength value="255"/>
		</xs:restriction>
	</xs:simpleType>
	
	
	<xs:complexType name="Test_Type">
		<xs:sequence minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1">
					<xs:choice minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1">
						<xs:element minOccurs="0" 
name="Field" maxOccurs="1">
							<xs:complexType>
							
	<xs:simpleContent>
								
	<xs:extension base="mm2:SHORT_TEXT255_Type">
									
	<xs:attribute type="xs:string" fixed="Field1" name="name"/>
								
	</xs:extension>
							
	</xs:simpleContent>
							</xs:complexType>
						</xs:element>
					</xs:choice>
					<xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1">
						<xs:element minOccurs="0" 
name="Field" maxOccurs="1">
							<xs:complexType>
							
	<xs:simpleContent>
								
	<xs:extension base="mm2:SHORT_TEXT255_Type">
									
	<xs:attribute type="xs:string" fixed="Field2" name="name"/>
								
	</xs:extension>
							
	</xs:simpleContent>
							</xs:complexType>
						</xs:element>
					</xs:choice>
					<xs:choice minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1">
						<xs:element minOccurs="1" 
name="Field" maxOccurs="1">
							<xs:complexType>
							
	<xs:simpleContent>
								
	<xs:extension base="mm2:SHORT_TEXT255_Type">
									
	<xs:attribute type="xs:string" fixed="Field3" name="name"/>
								
	</xs:extension>
							
	</xs:simpleContent>
							</xs:complexType>
						</xs:element>
					</xs:choice>
				</xs:sequence>
				<xs:attribute type="xs:string" fixed="Test" 
name="type"/>
	</xs:complexType>
	</xs:schema>


XML:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!--Sample XML file generated by XMLSPY v5 U (http://www.xmlspy.com)-->
<Test_element xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="mm2">
	<Field name="Field1">String</Field>
	<Field name="Field3">String</Field>
</Test_element>


Exception thrown by Parser (thrown for both SAX and DOM parsing):

org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: cvc-complex-type.3.1: Value 'Field3' of attribute
 'name' of element 'Field' is not valid with respect to the corresponding attrib
ute use. Attribute 'name' has a fixed value of 'Field2'.


And here is the code which I am using for parsing


        /** <p>XML representation of boolean "true".</p>*/
        private static final String YES = "yes";

        /** <p>XML representation of boolean "false".</p>*/
        private static final String NO = "no";

        /** <p>Character encoding used when reading files.</p>*/
        private static final String CHAR_ENCODING = "UTF8";

        /** <p>Sets the namespace aware property for parsers</p>*/
        private static final boolean NAME_SPACE_AWARE = true;

        /** <p>Sets the validating property for parsers</p>*/
        private static final boolean VALIDATING = true;

        /** <p>Defines schema language to be used by parser for 
validation.</p>*/
        private static final String SCHEMA_LANGUAGE =
                                            "http://java.sun.com/xml/jaxp/proper
ties/schemaLanguage";
        /**
         * <p>The URI value of schema language specification property. This 
value supports W3C XML
         * Schema specification to be compliant with JAXP 1.2 specification.</p>
         */
        private static final String SCHEMA_LANGUAGE_VAL 
= "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema";

    private static final String SCHEMA_SOURCE =
                                               "http://java.sun.com/xml/jaxp/pro
perties/schemaSource";

   public static void SaxParser(String[] args) {
			try {
				Reader xmlReader;
				Reader xsdReader;

				xmlReader = new FileReader
("E:\\apps\\parsertest\\Untitled2.xml");
				xsdReader = new FileReader
("E:\\apps\\parsertest\\Untitled2.xsd");

				SAXParserFactory factory = 
SAXParserFactory.newInstance();

				// Configure SAXParserFactory to provide 
parsers that are namespace aware.
				factory.setNamespaceAware(NAME_SPACE_AWARE);
				// Configure SAXParserFactory to provide 
parsers that are validating. This property
				// must have the value true for any of the 
property strings defined below to take
				// effect.
				factory.setValidating(VALIDATING);

				SAXParser parser = factory.newSAXParser();

				// Setting the schema language for xml schema 
validation
				parser.setProperty(SCHEMA_LANGUAGE, 
SCHEMA_LANGUAGE_VAL);
				// Setting the schema source for xml schema 
validation
				parser.setProperty(SCHEMA_SOURCE, new 
InputSource(xsdReader));

			    DefaultHandler handler = new XmlDefaultHandler();
			    parser.parse(new InputSource(xmlReader), handler);
			}
			catch (FactoryConfigurationError e) {
			    System.out.println(e.toString());
			}
			catch (ParserConfigurationException e) {
			    System.out.println(e.toString());
			}
			catch (SAXException e) {
			    System.out.println(e.toString());
			}
			catch (IOException e) {
			    System.out.println(e.toString());
			}
}

public static void DomParser() {
			try {
				Reader xmlReader;
				Reader xsdReader;

				xmlReader = new FileReader
("E:\\apps\\parsertest\\validrequest-create-approveedit.xml");
				xsdReader = new FileReader
("E:\\apps\\parsertest\\Untitled1.xsd");

				DocumentBuilderFactory factory =
				    DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();

				// Configure SAXParserFactory to provide 
parsers that are namespace aware.
				factory.setNamespaceAware(NAME_SPACE_AWARE);
				// Configure SAXParserFactory to provide 
parsers that are validating. This property
				// must have the value true for any of the 
property strings defined below to take
				// effect.
				factory.setValidating(VALIDATING);
				// Setting the schema language for xml schema 
validation
				factory.setAttribute(SCHEMA_LANGUAGE, 
SCHEMA_LANGUAGE_VAL);
				// Setting the schema source for xml schema 
validation
				factory.setAttribute(SCHEMA_SOURCE, new 
InputSource(xsdReader));

				DocumentBuilder builder = 
factory.newDocumentBuilder();



			    //DefaultHandler handler = new XmlDefaultHandler();
			    builder.parse(new InputSource(xmlReader));
			}
			catch (FactoryConfigurationError e) {
			    System.out.println(e.toString());
			}
			catch (ParserConfigurationException e) {
			    System.out.println(e.toString());
			}
			catch (SAXException e) {
			    System.out.println(e.toString());
			}
			catch (IOException e) {
			    System.out.println(e.toString());
			}
		}
    /**
     * <p>Provides <code>DefaultHandler</code> implementation to handles 
callbacks during parsing
     * and validation of XML documents. Returns the <code>Exception</code> as 
it is if any failure
     * occurs.</p>
     */
    public static class XmlDefaultHandler extends DefaultHandler {

        /**
         * @see org.xml.sax.ErrorHandler#error(SAXParseException)
         */
        public void error(SAXParseException spe) throws SAXException {
            throw spe;
        }

        /**
         * @see org.xml.sax.ErrorHandler#fatalError(SAXParseException)
         */
        public void fatalError(SAXParseException spe) throws SAXException {
            throw spe;
        }